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Citing Sources: APA

Information and guidance for avoiding plagiarism. Links to online resources including citation generators and plagiarism checkers.

Getting Help

Librarians and Tutors are here to help you to cite your sources correctly and avoid plagiarism.

Library Databases, which are used to find articles, also provide tools to create citations. When looking at the document page, click cite to generate a citation in various styles. 

Always consult with your instructor if you need to double-check the citation against the official style guide.

APA Style Basics

APA (American Psychological Association) style is generally used in the social sciences - psychology, education, anthropology, and sociology. This style provides consistent guidelines and allows for publication of papers in a standardized format.

APA Citation Help

Quick Guide

APA Style: Citation Quick Guide
 

References Page
Put the reference list on a separate page at the end of your paper.  
The title, References, should be centered at the top; do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks.

 

Books

Basic format

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example

Logue, A. W. (2014). The psychology of eating and drinking. New York, NY: Routledge.

 

Articles in a Scholarly Journal

APA does not require database information; instead use a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). If there is no DOI, use the database link or the URL of the website.

 

Basic format

 

With DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages. doi

Example

Otsuki, K. (2014). Social economy of quality food. International Journal of Social Economics, 41(3), 233-243. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-11-2012-0205

 

Without DOI

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Example

Burger, J. M., Bell, H., Harvey, K., Johnson, J., Stewart, C., Dorian, K., & Swedroe, M. (2010). Nutritious or Delicious? The effect of descriptive norm information on food choice. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology,29(2), 228-242. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/224851696?accountid=40999

 

In-Text Citations

Parenthetical Citation: Put a reference to the work cited in parentheses after a quote or paraphrase.

Author-date style: put the author's last name and the year of publication in parentheses in the text. For direct quotes add the page number. The complete citation is in the reference list at the end of the paper.  Each reference cited in the text must appear in the reference list; each source in the reference list must be cited in the text.

Basic Format: “Quote” or paraphrase. (Author’s last name, year, page #)

Example

“Our daily decisions about eating - what, when, and how much to consume - are influenced by a complex set of factors, including biological, developmental, and personality sources. However, a number of investigations suggest that social factors also play an important role” (Burger et al., 2010, p. 228).

 


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