Plagiarism is the use of another's words and ideas without giving credit and claiming them as your own.
Most cases of plagiarism by college students are unintentional and due to mistakes or misunderstandings about how to cite properly.
This guide will help with citing a variety of sources and using in-text citations.
If you didn't write it, you have to cite it.
For a fuller explanation of plagiarism and best practices on how to avoid it, visit Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) website Avoiding Plagiarism
APA (American Psychological Association) style is generally used in the social sciences.
Check with your instructor if it is acceptable to use AI tools as an information source or as a writing assistant.
If you use an AI tool, such as, ChatGPT, you must cite it as any other source.
"Title of conversation OR Prompt." (Year, Month Day). Name of AI Platform. url of conversation or AI platform.
"Slice or scoop cookies." (2023, July 5). ChatGPT. https://chat.openai.com/share/0197f0c0-aef2-49c1-8cb9-586cd8e5e543.
In-text Citation Format:
("Slice or Scoop", 2023)
APA Style Handbook Format:
|APA format||OpenAI. (Year). ChatGPT (Month Day version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com|
|APA reference entry||OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Feb 13 version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com|
|APA in-text citation||(OpenAI, 2023)|
How to get the URL link to a ChatGPT conversation:
ChatGPT Shared Links FAQ
Learn more about AI Writing Tools from Scribbr
APA Style: Citation Quick Guide
Put the reference list on a separate page at the end of your paper.
The title, References, should be centered at the top; do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks.
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work: Subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Logue, A. W. (2014). The psychology of eating and drinking. New York, NY: Routledge.
Articles in a Scholarly Journal
APA does not require database information; instead use a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). If there is no DOI, use the database link or the URL of the website.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages. doi
Otsuki, K. (2014). Social economy of quality food. International Journal of Social Economics, 41(3), 233-243. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-11-2012-0205
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Burger, J. M., Bell, H., Harvey, K., Johnson, J., Stewart, C., Dorian, K., & Swedroe, M. (2010). Nutritious or delicious? The effect of descriptive norm information on food choice. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology,29(2), 228-242. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/224851696?accountid=40999
Parenthetical Citation: Put a reference to the work cited in parentheses after a quote or paraphrase.
Author-date style: put the author's last name and the year of publication in parentheses in the text. For direct quotes add the page number. The complete citation is in the reference list at the end of the paper. Each reference cited in the text must appear in the reference list; each source in the reference list must be cited in the text.
Basic Format: “Quote” (Author’s last name, year, page #)
Paraphrase, page #s are recommended but not required, (Author’s last name, year)
Example with One Author
“Our daily decisions about eating - what, when, and how much to consume - are influenced by a complex set of factors, including biological, developmental, and personality sources. However, a number of investigations suggest that social factors also play an important role” (Burger et al., 2010, p. 228).
Examples with multiple authors:
The Culinary Institute of America | Conrad N. Hilton Library | 1946 Campus Drive | Hyde Park, NY 12538-1430
Telephone: 845-451-1747 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org