Skip to Main Content

Spain: Food and Cultures (LART-313): Scholarly vs. Non-Scholarly Periodicals

Types of Periodicals

Always check with your instructor for which types of articles are acceptable for your coursework.

  • Scholarly Journals are also referred to as "academic" or "peer-reviewed" journals. They publish authoritative research articles by academics or experts in a discipline. The articles often undergo peer-review, which means they are evaluated by other experts before approved for publication.
  • Trade or Professional Journals are written by and for professionals in an industry. These are important for members of the profession to follow industry news and trends. They may contain data or other information useful for research.
  • Magazines are considered "popular"; they provide information and entertainment for the general public.

Review the chart below for criteria to distinguish the different types of periodicals.

Scholary Journals v. Popular Magazines v. Trade Magazines



Scholarly Journal Popular Magazine Trade Magazine/Journal
Sample Cover Journal of Food Science and Technology Bon Appetit Food Management


Plain cover and plain paper

B/W graphics and illustrations, charts, etc.

Pages consecutive throughout each volume


Eye-catching cover and glossy paper

Pictures, photos and illustrations in full color

Each issue starts with page 1


Cover depicts industrial theme or setting; glossy paper

Pictures, photos and illustrations in color

Each issue starts with page 1




Academics and professionals


General public


Members of a specific business, industry or organization




Experts or specialists, professors or researchers. Unpaid.


Journalists, staff or freelance writers. may be unsigned. Paid.


Staff writers, industry specialists, or vendor representatives. Paid.


Editorial Review


Editorial board and peer reviewers. Unpaid.


Professional editors. Paid.


Professional editors. Paid.


References / Works Cited



Almost always







Reports of results of research projects, essays, methodology and theory, reviews of academic books

Popular culture, personalities, news, and general interest

Industry trends, new products or techniques, advice, first-hand reports of practical experiences, organizational news



few or none


moderate, most are trade related

  • American Journal of Enology and Viticulture
  • Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice
  • Food Culture and Society
  • International Journal of Hospitality Management
  • Journal of Culinary Science & Technology
  • Gourmet
  • Prevention Magazine
  • Rolling Stone
  • Sports Illustrated
  • Vegetarian Times
  • Candy Industry
  • Chef Magazine
  • Fruit Gardener
  • National Provisioner
  • Nations Restaurant News
  • Wines & Vines
     Sample Journal       
               Journal of Food Science and Technology              


                       Bon Appétit                            

                   Food Management                        

Stated Purpose 

"Publishes peer reviewed research papers in... science, technology, packaging, and engineering of foods.... Special emphasis is given to fundamental and applied research...."

"Offers 'life through the lens of food' — cooking in, dining out, culture, travel, entertainment, shopping and design."

"Provides ideas for foodservice directors, managers and chefs through coverage of industry issues and events, operational topics and food trends that affect the noncommercial foodservice industry."

Sample Article Title

"Optimization of the production of shrimp waste protein hydrolysate using microbial proteases adopting response surface methodology"

"In search of the perfect meatball"

"UCLA hospitals go to antibiotic-free meats"

Adapted from Scholarly and Popular Materials by NCSU Libraries and Popular Magazines vs. Trade Magazines 
vs. Scholarly Journals
by Colorado State University Libraries.

The Culinary Institute of America | Conrad N. Hilton Library | 1946 Campus Drive | Hyde Park, NY 12538-1430
Telephone: 845-451-1747 | Email: