Plagiarism is the use of another's words and ideas without giving credit and claiming them as your own.
Most cases of plagiarism by college students are unintentional and due to mistakes or misunderstandings about how to cite properly.
This guide will help with citing a variety of sources and using in-text citations.
If you didn't write it, you have to cite it.
For a fuller explanation of plagiarism and best practices on how to avoid it, visit Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) website Avoiding Plagiarism
The MLA (Modern Language Association) style is generally used in the humanities - language, literature, history, philosophy. As it is more concise and easier to use than some other style guides, it can be modified to fit nearly any field of study.
Get more help at the MLA Style Center
Check with your instructor if it is acceptable to use AI tools as an information source or as a writing assistant.
If you use an AI tool, such as, ChatGPT, you must cite it as any other source.
"Title of conversation." Name of AI Source, date, url.
"Slice or scoop cookies." ChatGPT, 13 July 2023, https://chat.openai.com/share/0197f0c0-aef2-49c1-8cb9-586cd8e5e543.
MLA Stye Handbook Format:
|MLA format||“Text of prompt” prompt. ChatGPT, Day Month version, OpenAI, Day Month Year, chat.openai.com.|
|MLA Works Cited entry||“Tell me about confirmation bias” prompt. ChatGPT, 13 Feb. version, OpenAI, 16 Feb. 2023, chat.openai.com.|
|MLA in-text citation||(“Tell me about”)|
How to get the URL link to a ChatGPT conversation:
ChatGPT Shared Links FAQ
Learn more about AI Writing Tools from Scribbr
Use the same basic guidelines for citing print sources. Include as much descriptive information as necessary. If the author’s name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once. If the author is different from the uploader, cite the author’s name before the title.
McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.
“8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube, uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 June 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBlpjSEtELs.
MLA Style 8th edition: Citation Quick Guide
Works Cited Page
Put your list of works cited on a separate page at the end of your paper.
The title Works Cited should be centered at the top; do NOT italicize, put in BOLD or use quotation marks.
Meet with a Writing Tutor for more assistance on format and style.
A Book by one or two Authors
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.
Sackett, Lou, and David Haynes. American Regional Cuisines: Food Culture and Cooking. Pearson, 2012.
An Article in a Scholarly Journal from an Online Database
Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue Number, Year, pages. Name of Database, doi or url. Accessed date.
Driver, Elizabeth. "Cookbooks as Primary Sources for Writing History: a Bibliographer's View." Food, Culture & Society, vol. 12, no. 3, 2009, pp. 257-274. General OneFile, doi:10.2752/175174409X431987. Accessed 3 May 2016.
Parenthetical Citation: Put a reference to the work cited in parentheses after a quote or paraphrase. The in-text citation appears at the end of the sentence and before the period.
Author-page style: put the author's last name and the page number(s) in the text and a complete reference on your Works Cited page. The author's name may be in the sentence or in parentheses; the page number(s) must be in the parentheses.
Basic Format: “Quote” or paraphrase (Author’s last name page #).
Example: “Cookbooks are tangible, printed records that illuminate many aspects of the past; however, to interpret accurately what they tell us about their time, I believe that it is important to keep the books themselves at the center of the story“ (Driver 258).
The Culinary Institute of America | Conrad N. Hilton Library | 1946 Campus Drive | Hyde Park, NY 12538-1430
Telephone: 845-451-1747 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org